Insha’Allah I will try and do something like this regularly on the blog. It was fun, beneficial, and rewarding! Here are the questions with answers.

1. In the first verses of the surah, how does Allaah Ta’ala describe the Qur’an? (2 descriptions)
-A Wise Book
-A guidance and a mercy for al-Muhsineen (those who excel in good deeds and righteousness)

2. According to verse #4, who are al-Muhsineen?
-Those who establish the prayer and give zakat and they have faith in the Hereafter with certainty.

2.1. In verse #5, what has Allaah promised for al-Muhsineen?
-The are on guidance (huda) from their Lord, and they are successful (al-Muflihoon).

3. What does Allaah mean when he refers to them as “al-Muflihoon?”
-The ones who succeeded at being saved from the hell-fire, and who will enter paradise, the abode of the Abraar.

4. Define “idle talks” (lah-wal-hadeeth) according to the most correct opinion?
-Music and singing

4.1. According to verse #6, what are two sins committed by those who purchase idle talks?
-They mislead men from the path of Allaah
-They take the path of Allaah by way of mockery

4.2. What is in store for such persons in the hereafter?
-A humiliating torment

5. What did Allaah give to Luqman?
-Al-Hikmah

5.1. Define al-hikmah.
-Understanding of the religion, intelligence, and proper execution of affairs.

6. What things did Luqman advise his son with (9 things)?
-A stern warning against shirk (ascribing partners with Allaah)
-That Allaah will take us to task and recompense us for all deeds, no matter how small.
-To establish the prayer
-To enjoin the good and forbid the evil
-To bear with patience whatever befalls him
-To turn not his face away from men with pride
-To walk not in insolence through the earth, because Allaah likes not the arrogant boaster
-To be moderate in his walking
-To lower his voice, because the harshest of voices is the braying of the ass.

7. According to verse #14, why has Allaah enjoined upon mankind dutifulness and kindness to his parents (2 reasons)?
-His mother bore him in weakness and hardship, upon weakness and hardship
-His period of breastfeeding is 2 years

7.1. What is the only instance in which we may disobey our parents (verse #15)?
-When they want us to associate partners with Allaah, or disobey Allaah in general

7.2. In this case, how should we treat them?
-We should behave with them in the world kindly

8. When some people are called to Islam/monotheism, they give various negative responses. Which response does Allaah refer to in verse #21?
-They say, “Nay, we shall follow that which we found or fathers following.”

9. Who does Allaah describe as having grasped the most trustworthy handhold (al-‘urwah al-wuthqaa)?
-The one who submits his face (himself) to Allaah, while he is a Muhsin (good-doer i.e. performs good deeds totally for Allaah’s sake without any show off or to gain praise or fame and does them in accordance with the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger peace be upon him).

9.1. Define “submits his face (himself) to Allaah”.
-Follows Allaah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism, worships Allaah alone with sincere faith in the (1) Oneness of His Lordship, (2) Oneness of his worship, and (3) Oneness of His Names and Attributes.

10. The polytheists believe in Tawheed Al-Rooboobiyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship). How is this evident in verse #25 & verse #32?
-If they are asked who created the heavens in the earth, they will say that Allaah is the Creator of the heavens and the earth
-In times of extreme fear, they turn to Allaah for help

10.1. Despite their belief in Allaah’s Lordship, they still deny Allaah’s signs and worship other than Him. How does Allaah describe them (verse #32)?
-As disloyal ingrates.

11. Towards the end of the surah, what does Allaah remind mankind with (verses # 33 and 34, 10 things)?
-To have taqwa of Allaah
-To fear the Last Day (Day of Judgement)
-That the Promise of Allaah is True
-To not let the wordly life deceive you
-To not let the chief deceiver (Satan) deceive you about Allaah
-That Allaah alone knows when the Hour (Day of Judgement) will be
-That He is the One who sends down the rain
-That He is the One who knows that which is in the wombs
-That no person knows what he will earn tomorrow
-That no person knows in what land he will die

References:

1. Interpretations of the meanings of the Noble Qur’an in the English language; A summarized version of At-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi and Ibn Kathir, Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali, Muhammad Muhsin Khan.

2. Aysar At-Tafaaseer, li Kalaam Al-Aliy Al-Kabeer, Abu Bakr Jabir Al-Jazaa’iry

3. Tayseer Al-Kareem Al-Rahman Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannan, Abdurrahman Bin Nasir Al-Sa’dee.

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